Paul Collier is Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the Blavatnik School of Government; a Professorial Fellow of St Antony’s College; and Co-Director of the Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford. From 1998–2003 he took Public Service leave during which he was Director of the Research Development Department of the World Bank. Paul is currently adviser to the Strategy and Policy Department of the IMF, to the Africa Region, World Bank and to DfID. His research covers the causes and consequences of civil war; the effects of aid and the problems of democracy in low-income and natural-resources rich societies. In 2014, Paul received a knighthood for services to promoting research and policy change in Africa.