Emmanuel Skoufias is a Lead Economist at the Poverty Reduction Group of the World Bank. He specializes in impact evaluation, targeting, poverty measurement, urban and rural labor markets, land tenancy issues, and the role of risk mitigation and insurance in poverty alleviation. Other experience at the Bank includes a senior appointment at the Poverty and Gender Group in the Latin American and Carribean Region. Prior to joining the Bank, Emmanuel worked at the Research Department of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). He earned his Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Minnesota (1988) and his B.A. degree in Economics from the University of California at Berkeley (1981).